Is the dislike of or prejudice against Islam or Muslims.

Islamophobia in the United Kingdom refers to a set of discourses, behaviours and structures which express feelings of anxiety, fear, hostility and rejection towards Islam or Muslims in the United Kingdom.

Islamophobia can manifest itself in many ways such as discrimination in the workforce, negative coverage in the media, disparity in treatment, inequality of opportunity and more obviously, violence against Muslims.

In recent times we have seen crimes committed that have been motivated by hate of Islam/Muslims and these have been arson attacks against mosques, anti-Muslim graffiti, Anti-Islam hate campaigns on social media (Punish a Muslim Letter), vehicle ramming into Muslim gatherings and the forcible removal of head coverings worn by Muslim females. There has been a significant increase in Islamaphobia across England & Wales.

There have been academic studies and surveys carried out which have concluded that Muslims face discrimination in the work force.

Research by Dr Nabil Khattab and Professor Ron Johnston using data from the Office for National Statistics’ Labour Force Survey found that “Muslim men were up to 76% less likely to have a job of any kind compared to white, male British Christians of the same age and with the same qualifications.”

April 2016 report by Nabil Khattab and Shereen Hussein found that first-generation Muslim women from Bangladesh were over six times more likely to be unemployed than White non-Muslim women when adjusting for factors such as “level of education, family situation and age.” First generation Muslim Pakistani and Muslim Black women faced less discrimination but were still four times more likely to be unemployed than White non-Muslim women when adjusting for those same factors.


A September 2017 Social Mobility Commission report concluded that Muslims were being held back in the workplace by widespread Islamophobia, racism and discrimination. Despite outperforming their non-Muslim counterparts in education, Muslims were roughly half as likely to hold higher managerial, administrative, and professional occupations.

Almost 50% of Muslim households are considered to be in poverty, compared with less than 20% in the overall population.

It has been revealed that women wearing headscarves face particular discrimination once entering the workplace. Professor Jacqueline Stevenson of Sheffield Hallam University which led the research, stated that “Muslims are being excluded, discriminated against or failed at all stages of their transition from education to employment.”

A survey of Muslims, this by the Open Society Institute, found that of those polled 32% believed they had suffered religious discrimination at airports, and 80% said they had experienced Islamophobia.


A 2013 report by Professor Nigel Copsey of Teesside University, concluded that between 40% and 60% of mosques and other Islamic centers in the UK had suffered vandalism or arson.


In August 2017, West Yorkshire Police launched a hate crime investigation after letters threatening acid attacks on Muslims were posted in Bradford. The police said the threats were “extremely seriously” increased patrols in Hanover Square, a mainly Muslim inner-city area where at least two residents received the letters last week. The literature shows an image of a sword and the Saint George’s Flag with the words: “Kill scum Muslims.”

An October 2017 Press Association investigation found that hate crimes targeting mosques and other Muslim places of worship across the UK more than doubled between 2016 and 2017.


In April 2018, letters were sent to people in East London calling for a “Punish a Muslim Day”, with a points system to award people for acts of hatred toward Muslims. Police said there was no credible evidence of a planned attack,

A man from Lincoln was arrested and charged with fourteen criminal offences in connection with the hate mail campaign.

October 2018 he pleaded guilty to fifteen charges relating to the “Punish a Muslim Day” letters and other correspondences sent to individuals, public figures and organisations.

Examples of Islamaphobia ranges from crimes that involve violence to more subtle elements such as discrimination and inequality and the NAMP works with NPCC, COP and other national and local organisations to raise awareness and support police service in ensuring such crimes are correctly recorded and the investigation is sensitive to the needs of the victims.